Your cornea is what makes it possible for you to see. It is the clear outer lens on the eye and is often called the windshield of the eye. A normal cornea is shaped like a ball. If the structure of the cornea is not strong enough to hold the ball shape, it can start to bulge out into the shape of a cone. With this happens, it is a condition called keratoconus. Our Odessa Vision in Odessa, TX answers keratoconus frequently asked questions.

What Causes Keratoconus?

A: There are tiny fibers of protein in your eyes called collagen. These fibers are responsible for holding the shape of your cornea and keep it from bulging out. When the fibers are weak, the cornea progressively develops into the shape of a cone.

Who Is At Risk of Developing Keratoconus?

A: Often, this condition runs in families. If one of your parents have the condition, there is a good chance that you will develop it as well. Also, there is a chance that you can pass it down to your children. There is also some evidence that it is related to chronic rubbing of the eye.

When Does the Condition Start?

A: This condition usually comes on during the teenage years. It is also possible for the condition to come on before the teen years and up to the age of 30. It is possible to develop the condition if you are 40 or over; however, it isn’t as common.

What Are the Symptoms of Keratoconus?

A: In the early stages, the symptoms of keratoconus are mild. They include:

  • Mild blurry vision
  • Diminished vision where straight lines look slightly wavy
  • Sensitivity to the light
  • Redness and swelling of the eye

As the condition develops and it reaches the later stages, the symptoms become more noticeable. They include:

  • Increased blurry and distorted vision
  • Increased astigmatism and nearsightedness
  • Contact lenses no longer fit properly or comfortably

How Is Keratoconus Diagnosed?

A: This condition can be diagnosed during a routine eye exam. During the exam, your optometrist will examine the cornea. If it doesn’t look right, they will measure the curve. In some cases, the doctor will map the surface of the cornea using a computer.

How Is Keratoconus Treated?

A: If you are suffering from keratoconus the most common treatment is hard gas permeable lenses. Not only will the lenses improve your vision, but they will also help to hold the shape of your cornea. In more severe cases, your eye doctor might recommend a corneal transplant.

Contact Our Odessa Vision in Odessa, TX Today!

If you are experiencing the symptoms of keratoconus, you should make an appointment with Odessa Vision. Our doctors of optometry can perform an eye exam and create an eye care plan to best treat the condition. Call today at 432-362-3133 .